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Kolstoe, S. E., & Holden, L. (2019). Research Involving the Armed Forces. In R. Iphofen (Ed.), Handbook of Research Ethics and Scientific Integrity. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-76040-7_27-1


Human participant military research conjures up images of ballistic experiments, biological warfare, or top-secret experiments with dubious objectives. In reality the majority of human participant military research is defense orientated and more widely applicable to health or other fields. This ranges from the translation of pioneering battlefield treatments into civilian medicine, to psychological insights gained from studies into how people operate under stressful situations, to management studies aiming to understand supply chains or explore team dynamics. In many cases research is carried out by civilian academics applying their expertise to military situations, or perhaps supervising post-graduate students who happen to also be military officers. Here, rather than the subject of the research being problematic, ethical challenges often come from the specific military context. This chapter offers advice to researchers from all fields (medical, quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods) as they design their studies and consider the ethical requirements relevant to conducting human participant research in or for the military.