Sutrop, M., & Louk, K. (2020). Informed Consent and Ethical Research. In R. Iphofen (Ed.), Handbook of Research Ethics and Scientific Integrity. Springer Nature Switzerland AG. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-76040-7_8-1
Although today valid informed consent is considered key to ethical research,
there is no agreement on what constitutes adequate informed consent. Problems
ensue firstly from the circumstance that a principle adopted in one area of inquiry
(biomedicine) cannot be extended literally to other areas of science. In addition,
new areas of scholarly inquiry and changing research contexts contribute to
the emergence of new forms of consent (open, broad, dynamic, meta-consent).
A second difficulty derives from an overly narrow understanding of the concept of autonomy, resulting in an absolutizing of individual freedom and choices and
relegating more collective values such as reciprocity, responsibility, and solidarity
to the background.
In this chapter, we explain the origin of the concept of informed consent, what
it consists of, and what forms it can take. We will then analyze what has caused
shifts in the understanding of the informed consent principle: how much is due to
advancements in science and technology and how much to changing ethical
frameworks. Finally, we will show why it is important to develop a contextual
approach by taking into account differences in research fields as well as types of
In dem vom BMBF geförderten Projekt FeKoM werden Empfehlungen für forschungsethisches Handeln in der Kommunikations- und Medienwissenschaft systematisch erarbeitet, empirisch fundiert und der Scientific Community zur Verfügung gestellt.