Pratt C., T., Reisig, M. D., Holtfreter, K., & Golladay, K. A. (2019). Scholars’ preferred solutions for research misconduct: results from a survey of faculty members at America’s top 100 research universities. Ethics & Behavior, 0(0), 1–21. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1080/10508422.2019.1612748
Research misconduct is harmful because it threatens public health and public safety, and also undermines public confidence in science. Efforts to eradicate ongoing and prevent future misconduct are
numerous and varied, yet the question of “what works” remains largely unanswered. To shed light on
this issue, this study used data from both mail and online surveys administered to a stratified random
sample of tenured and tenure-track faculty members (N = 613) in the social, natural, and applied
sciences at America’s top 100 research universities. Participants were asked to gauge the effectiveness
of various intervention strategies: formal sanctions (professional and legal), informal sanctions (peers),
prevention efforts (ethics and professional training), and reducing the pressures associated with working
in research-intensive units. Results indicated that (1) formal sanctions received the highest level of
support, (2) female scholars and researchers working in the applied sciences favored formal sanctions,
and (3) a nontrivial portion of the sample supported an integrated approach that combined elements of
different strategies. A key takeaway for university administrators is that a multifaceted approach to
dealing with the problem of research misconduct, which prominently features enhanced formal sanctions, will be met with the support of university faculty.
In dem vom BMBF geförderten Projekt FeKoM werden Empfehlungen für forschungsethisches Handeln in der Kommunikations- und Medienwissenschaft systematisch erarbeitet, empirisch fundiert und der Scientific Community zur Verfügung gestellt.